In 1927, government officials in China (then the Republic of China) began to faction due to disputes over the country's direction. The split occurred at an ideological level, primarily between nationalism from the Kuomintang party (KMT) and socialism from the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Gettting Around Taiwan
Tourists visiting Taiwan are entitled to a partial tax refund when purchasing large-ticket items (such as laptops and mobile phones) and other cosmetic and beauty items that are generally far cheaper in Taiwan than places like Singapore.
When purchased from cooperating shops, purchases in excess of NT$3,000 (on the same day) are eligible for a 5% VAT tax refund when leaving Taiwan.
Is Taiwan part of China or not?
What is the Easycard?
The Taiwan Railway Administration (台灣鐵路管理局), commonly posted on signage as simply TRA is the main railway service in Taiwan, and provides convenient access to a large majority of locations all over Taiwan.
Be sure to arrive early for your scheduled train, as the layout of some stations is a bit awkward and the lack of clear signage sometimes makes it difficult to find the proper track.
Taiwan's phone number country code is +886, with + representing international dialling code, which in Taiwan is 00. The + symbol can be found by holding tap down on 0 and should be used for a better connection.
For example, calls to Singapore are either +65 or 0065, Hong Kong +852 or 00852, USA +1 or 001, Philippines +63 or 0063, etc.
The Republic of China (Taiwan) allows certain passport holders visa-free entry for tourism, visiting friends or relatives, social visits, doing business, attending exhibitions, fact finding, and international exchanges.
In order to be approved for visa-free entry, make sure your passport is valid for at least 6 months (3 months for Japanese), can prove you do not intend on staying indefinitely in Taiwan (either by a flight reservation or some type of itinerary), and have no criminal record or other extenuating circumstances in the ROC.