In 1927, government officials in China (then the Republic of China) began to faction due to disputes over the country's direction. The split occurred at an ideological level, primarily between nationalism from the Kuomintang party (KMT) and socialism from the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
Gettting Around Taiwan
Is Taiwan part of China or not?
What is the Taipei MRT?
As the largest metro subway system in Taiwan, the Taipei MRT serves about 2 million riders daily. It is fast, convenient, and, most importantly, CLEAN! The subway system is very easy to navigate, and is both bilingual in Chinese and English (including the Chinese languages of Mandarin, Taiwanese Hokkien, and Hakka). Transfers between lines are relatively close to each other, and the stations serve most areas of Taipei.
The Republic of China (Taiwan) allows certain passport holders visa-free entry for tourism, visiting friends or relatives, social visits, doing business, attending exhibitions, fact finding, and international exchanges.
In order to be approved for visa-free entry, make sure your passport is valid for at least 6 months (3 months for Japanese), can prove you do not intend on staying indefinitely in Taiwan (either by a flight reservation or some type of itinerary), and have no criminal record or other extenuating circumstances in the ROC.
Taiwan High Speed Rail (also known as THSR, HSR, or Gāotíe) is a high-speed rail line approximately 345KM in length running along the west coast of Taiwan from Taipei Main Station in the north to Kaohsiung in the south.
The line opened for service in 2007, using trains with a top speed of 300KM/H covering the journey in as short as 96 minutes.
Due to Taiwan's unique political status, representation in international organisations and events is quite tricky. Although Taiwan's official name is "Republic of China" (中華民國, ROC for short), because of the one China policy, both mainland China (the "People's Republic of China", 中华人民共和国 or PRC) and the ROC are adamant about the nomenclature used to represent Taiwan.
A common question that visitors may ask when visiting Taiwan is "if Taiwan is Taiwan, and China is China, then why do license plates say 臺灣省"?
This question is actually very easy to answer!