Liuhuanggu Sulfur Valley Geothermal Scenic Area 硫磺谷地熱風景區, Liuhuangku
An incredibly unique landform resulting from sulphur mining and hydrothermal activities, this scenic area is easily accessible from the Beitou Hot Springs (北投溫泉) area, and is one of the attractions in Yangmingshan National Park (陽明山).
Sulphur mining on Yangming Mountain has existed as far back as the year 1349, and flourished during the Dutch era trading with Chinese merchants. After the Sino-French War, in 1884 the production of sulphur was brought under monopoly control by the Qing Dynasty, and was brought under large scale production during the Japanese era.
Also known as Longfeng Valley, Liuhuanggu was mainly used by the Japanese for sulphur mining, however, since the 1980s, due to the high cost and potential environmental impact on the area, sulphur mining activities have been discontinued. Today, the area is preserved and part of the Yangmingshan National Park.